Registered as a UNESCO world heritage site.
Under the name of Cyrus the Great, 599-530 BC, a
Persian who founded the Achaemenid empire and ruled
it from 549 to 530 BC. He formed a lasting union of
the Persians and the Medes. The entire plateau fell
under the sway of the Achaemenid Empire (c.550
BC-330 BC), which eventually stretched from the
Mediterranean sea to India and into Africa.
After Cyrus's death (529 BC), his body was placed
within a limestone mausoleum built in imitation of a
gabled wood house and set on a plinth composed of
six very high steps. The Tomb of Cyrus, the
impressive stone which was originally much taller
but is still the best preserved of the remains of
At Pasargadae you will also see the remains of three
Achaemenian Palaces, known as Throne of the Mother
of Solomon, Prison of Solomon and two stone plinths
within a sacred area.
This area was the first capital of Achaemenian
empire and covers 1.6 sq.km. It is locared about
87km. northeast of Persepolis.
During the Islamic conquest of Iran, the Arab armies
came upon the tomb and planned to destroy it,
considering it to be in direct violation of the
tenets of Islam. The caretakers of the grave managed
to convince the Arab command that the tomb was not
built to honor Cyrus, but instead housed the mother
of King Solomon, thus sparing it from destruction.
As a result, the inscription in the tomb was
replaced by a verse of the Qur'an, and the tomb
became known as "Qabr-e Madar-e Sulaiman," or the
tomb of the mother of Solomon. It is still widely
known by that name today.
130 km. northeast of Shiraz